What was the Main Reason for the Tripartite Struggle?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 5th, 2022

The main reason for the Tripartite Struggle was the willingness to acquire and possess the city of Kannauj. The Tripartite Struggle happened between the Palas, the Gurjara-Pratiharas, and the Rashtrakutas. The struggle is also known as the Kannuaj Triangle Wars and is said to have taken place in the 8th and 8th centuries among the three great Indian dynasties. The Tripartite Struggle, or the Triangle Wars, went on for two centuries and was eventually won by the Rajput Pratihara emperor Nagabhata II. He ruled for almost three centuries.

The Tripartite Struggle

As stated above, the Tripartite Struggle occurred between the three great dynasties of the Palas, the Pratiharas, and the Rashtrakutas over the possession of Kannuaj. Kannauj in the early medieval period, was considered a mark of high status and authority. Having the reigns of Kannuaj in one's hands was also significant as it meant the control of the central Gangetic Valley, which was quite rich in resources and was, therefore, useful from a commercial point of view. Between the 8th and the 9th-century Kannauj was ruled by three weak kings- Indrayudha, Vijrayudha, and Chakrayudha. Their weakness attracted the attention of Rashtrakutas towards Kannauj.

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  • The Tripartite Struggle or the Kannuaj Triangle Wars occurred between Palas, the Gurjara-Pratiharas, and the Rashtrakutas.

  • The possession of Kannauj meant high status, authority and control over the central Gangetic Valley.

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