How Judges of the High Court are Appointed in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Judges of the High Court are appointed in India through a collegium comprising the CJI of the respective State and two senior-most judges. Article 217 of the Indian Constitution states that the Chief Justice of the High Court shall be appointed by the President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and the Governor of the State.

A judge can hold office till he attains the age of 62 years. Any question regarding age is set by the President of India in consultation with the CJI, and the decision of the President is considered final.

Appointment of the High Court Judges

The Chief Justice of a High Court is appointed after consultation with the CJI and the Governor of the State concerned. At the same time, for other High Court judges, a collegium consisting of the CJI and two senior-most judges is consulted. The process to be followed is as follows:

  • The motion is initiated by the concerned Chief Justice of the High Court in consultation with the two senior-most judges.
  • The recommendation is sent to the Chief Minister, who advises the Governor to send the proposal to the Union Law Minister.

The Chief Justice of the High Court is appointed as per the policy of Chief Justices from outside the respective states. If it is for a common High Court, the governors of all the respective states are consulted.

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