Who was the Founder of Maurya Dynasty?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Chandragupta Maurya was the Founder of the Maurya Dynasty. He founded Maurya Dynasty in 322 BCE when he conquered the northwest Macedonian satrapies and the Magadha empire. Chandragupta Maurya established the Maurya Empire after overthrowing the Nanda Dynasty and Magadha Empire. He capitalized on the disruption caused by the withdrawal of Alexander the Great’s armies by quickly extending his rule over central and western India.

Founder of the Maurya Dynasty

Maurya Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who ruled during the period of 350-295 BCE. When the Nanda Empire’s king Dhana Nanda insulted him, the teacher Chanakya convinced his disciple Chandragupta Maurya to conquer the state of Magadha.

By capturing the Macedonian Satrapies and triumphing in the Seleucid-Mauryan conflict, Chandragupta Maurya increased the size of the Maurya Empire to the north and west. Chandragupta Maurya was the first ruler who unified India under one political unit.

Significant Facts About the Founder of the Maurya Dynasty

Following are some significant details on Chandragupta Maurya:

  • Chanakya was the guru of Chandragupta Maurya, with whom he studied as a child and with whose counsel he built the Empire.
  • Chandragupta gave up his life as an ascetic at Shravanabelagola, a hill that was later on called Chandragiri, for several years before fasting to death.
  • Bindusara was the son of Chandragupta Maurya, who ascended to the throne after his father.


Who was the Founder of the Maurya dynasty?

The Founder of the Maurya dynasty was the Chandragupta Maurya, who ruled for around 24 years, i.e. from 350 BC to 295 BCE. He founded the Maurya Dynasty under the command of his Guru Chanakya. Around 321 BC, Chandragupta Maurya conquered Dhana Nanda in a series of conflicts, laying the foundation for the Maurya Empire. From 297 BC to 273 BC, the son of Chandragupta Maurya ruled the Mauryan empire.

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