What is Article 53?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 7th, 2022

Article 53 of the Constitution states that the executive power of the Union belongs to the President. Further, the President should exercise power directly or through officials under this Constitution. It follows from Article 53 that the President is the head of the entire government.

Article 53 of the Indian Constitution

The executive power of the Union is extended to matters on which Parliament may make laws. Each member exercises such power as may be secured to the Government of India by some international agreement or treaty.

Without prejudice to the generality of the preceding provision, the Supreme Command of the Defence Forces shall be vested in the President and shall be exercised by law.

The executive power of the Union

  • The Union's executive power is granted to the President, who may use it directly or through representatives who answer to him following this Constitution.
  • The President is given overall command of the Union's armed forces, and how they exercise that command is governed by legislation without reducing the scope of the previous clause.

No provision of this article shall be interpreted as

  • Transferring to the President any powers provided by any existing law to the Government of any State or other entity; or
  • Preventing the Parliament from legally transferring powers to organizations other than the President.


What is Article 53?

The executive power of the Union is covered under Article 53 of the Indian Constitution. The executive power is vested in the President, who executes it directly or through subordinate officials in conformity with the Constitution. It is simple to regard the President of India as the Union's executive authority.


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