What do you mean by Representative Democracy?

By K Balaji|Updated : September 4th, 2022

Representative Democracy is a democracy in which the people choose their representative through an election process and indirectly participate in decision-making. Thus, Representative Democracy is also known as Indirect democracy. The chosen representatives of the public meet and make decisions for the public. India (a federal parliamentary republic) functions as a Representative Democracy.

Pros and Cons of Representative Democracy

Almost 60% of the countries in the world function as representative democracies, including France (unitary state), the UK (constitutional monarchy), the U.S.(democratic republic), and India (federal parliamentary republic). The pros and cons of the representative democracy are as under-

  • Pros- In a representative democracy, an individual represents the needs and desires of a large number of people, thus making it efficient. Along with this, representative democracy helps empower the subdivisions (regions, districts, or states). Moreover, because of this, people remain aware of the issues affecting their country and the necessary measures by the representatives to deal with them. It forms the basis for the next elections.
  • Cons- One of the major disadvantages of representative democracy is that is it not always a reliable decision. Sometimes the situation worsens, and people demand a recall election. Also, the representatives may develop into massive bureaucracies and can invite corruption.

Related Questions:-


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  • Representative democracy is a form of democracy in which the people elect representatives who will create and vote on the government's policies, laws, and other essential matters on their behalves. It is generally employed in countries with a larger population where direct democracy cannot be managed.

  • Representative democracy is beneficial as it helps in choosing a person who will represent the desires and needs of the people and helps in empowering the subdivisions by reaching the government for their matters.

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