In a Democracy Why is Universal Adult Franchise Important?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

In a Democracy, the Universal Adult Franchise is important as it is the foundation for elections that take place at all levels to elect the government, according to Article 326 of the Indian Constitution. Democracy is a form of government that is of the people, run by the people, and for the people. Thus, all citizens 18 years of age or older have the right to vote under the Universal Adult Franchise. This means that everyone is allowed to vote, regardless of race, religion, race, color, educational level, or socioeconomic status.

Importance of Universal Adult Franchise in Democracy

A Universal Adult Franchise is the most important component of a democracy. Since the foundation of democracy is laid on the principle of equality and fairness, the people should be assured of this in all contexts. The Indian Constitution has approved Universal Adult Franchise as the foundation for elections to the Lok Sabha and state legislatures. The people directly elect the members of the Lok Sabha.

  • Since democracy is about its people and their demands, the Lok Sabha is called the “house of the people”.
  • Members running for office are selected from a specific regional district.
  • The members of the constituency will now exercise their right to vote to decide the government officials who will govern the country.
  • If there was no universal adult franchise, the right to vote would not exist. Therefore universal adult suffrage is important in a democracy.

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