What are the Erosional and Depositional Landforms?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 19th, 2022

Read about the erosional and depositional landforms. Erosional landforms is the landform created due to the process of erosion (which involves wearing away of the landscape by various agents like water, wind, and ice).

The eroded material is taken away or transported by water, wind, etc., and finally gets sedimentation. Valleys, potholes or depressions, rooted Meanders, and river Terraces are examples of erosional landforms.

On the contrary, depositional landforms are created because of deposition processes. Examples of such landforms are alluvial fans, deltas, meanders, and braided channels.

Examples of Erosional and Depositional Landforms

Understand the various examples of erosional and depositional landforms. 

Erosional Landforms:

  • Chasms - Narrow, deep depressions cut out through vertical planes in the rocks.
  • Wave-Cut Platform - The sea tides knock against a cliff, and the cliff gradually erodes and exits.
  • Sea Cliff - It is the seaward boundary of the beach denoted by a steep scarp.
  • Hanging Valleys - The rivers appears to be hanging over the sea if the stream erosion flowing down is not able to keep speed with the pullout of the cliff. 
  • Peneplain - If the level difference between the plain of marine erosion and the sea level is not significant, the substances of weathering transform it into a peneplain.

Depositional Landforms:

  • Glacier Deposits - It is a deposit caused by glaciers containing rocks, soil, and other forms of debris over a landscape.
  • Moraines - Formed when a glacier gathers rock residue from the valley and transports it with the ice.
  • Beaches - The wave processes create beaches by sedimentation of sand, pebbles, and alluvium.
  • Dunes - It is created when sand depositions are blown off the beach and dried in the intertidal site.

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FAQs on What are the Erosional and Depositional Landforms?

  • Depositional landforms are formed due to depositions, including beaches. The formation occurs when wave speed is slow due to frictional forces like the sea bed, counter currents, and vegetation.

  • Sea cliffs, headlands, bays, and wave-cut platforms are three types of erosional landforms that are formed due to the erosion of substances by water, wind, etc.

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