What are the Features of the Northern Plains?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Features of the Northern Plains in India are that these plains have a rich soil cover with ample water supply and a favorable climate, which is why it is a very productive part of India in terms of agriculture. The Northern Plains lie to the south of the Himalayas and to the north of the Deccan Plateau. It is also known as the Indo-Gangetic Plain. These plains originate from the alluvial sediments of three river systems – the Ganges, the Brahmaputra, and the Indus, as well as their branches.

Features of the Northern Plains

The northern plain is divided into four regions: Bhangar, Bhabar, Khadar, and Terai. These plain rivers form marshy islands. The soil formed in the northern plains is very fertile, and people depend on crop growing and farming activities here for their source of income. The Northern Plain covers 3200 km of alluvial soil, which is considered to be the largest belt in the world.

  • The northern plains are made up entirely of alluvial soil (sand and earth left by rivers).
  • They are incredibly fertile and best suited for cultivation.
  • Since these plains contain fertile land, agricultural practices are carried out and are an important source of revenue for the country.
  • The Northern Plains are heavily populated as they are economically developed and have a good infrastructure.

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