What Are Reserved Constituency? Why Are They Necessary?

By Mandeep Kumar|Updated : September 5th, 2022

A system in which all the voters of a constituency are eligible to vote but the candidates must belong to only a particular social section or community for which the seat is reserved is called Reserved Constituency. It is necessary for the proper representation of oppressed social groups. 

Who Decides about Reserved Constituency?

An independent body called the Delimitation Commission takes the decision about the reserved constituencies. The Commission is appointed by the President of India and works in collaboration with the Election Commission of India. 

  • Its purpose is to draw up the boundaries of constituencies all over the country.
  • Each state has a quota of constituencies depending on the proportion of SC or ST in that state.
  • The Constitution of India provides for the reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes.

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FAQs

  • A constituency in which all the voters are eligible to vote and the candidate belongs to a particular social section or community for which the seat is reserved is known as Reserved Constituency.

  • Reserved Constituency is necessary for the proper representation of minor communities such as SC and ST in a state. Delimitation Commission takes the decision about the reserved constituencies.

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