What is Called Khalisa Land?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Khalisa Land was the land that was under the direct control of the Sultan during the Mughal Empire. Whatever revenue was generated by the Khalisa land was used to support the royal court and the royal household. It implies that all revenue collected through these lands was transferred to the Emperor’s treasury.

Khalisa Land under the Mughal Empire

During Akbar’s reign, the entire country was divided into two parts: Khalisa land (Crown Land) and Jagir (Land Assignments). During the Mughal reign, the ratio of Jagir to Khalisa fluctuated. Khalisa was barely 5% of total revenue under Akbar’s reign, 10% under Jahangir, and 9-14% under Shahjahan.

  • The Khalisa Land was the term given to the crown lands at the time of the Mughal Sultanate.
  • They were owned by the Emperor itself.
  • All the taxes and revenue collected from these lands were used for the royal maintenance of the court and such.
  • It was managed by the nobles, who also used it to manage the troops and other similar expenses.
  • Khalisa lands were mostly converted into jagirs, and the jagirs were sometimes converted into Khalisa lands.

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