Describe the Rise of Napoleon in France

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Rise of Napoleon in France happened rapidly as he rose through the military ranks to crown himself as the Emperor of France. He wanted to modernize Europe. After becoming emperor of France, he created kingdoms, stationed his relatives, and expelled dynasties. He introduced a standard number system, the decimal system for weights and measurements, and inculcated laws like protecting private property.

Rise of Napoleon in France

The rise of Napoleon in France began in the early 18th century. He established his kingdom and destroyed many dynasties. He ruled from 1804 to 1815 and brought about many changes, such as introducing the protection of private property law, conquering neighboring countries, etc.

More points related to the rise of Napoleon in France are discussed below.

  • The political instability resulted in the rise of Napolean.
  • The ideals of equality before the law, freedom, and fraternity were the inspiring ideals that motivated political movements.
  • In 1800, he conquered North Italy in the battle of Marengo against the Austrian Armies.
  • In 1802, a treaty between France and the UK, the Treaty of Amiens, was signed.
  • He reintroduced Roman Catholic values and restored them as the state religion. Royalists and Jacobins tried to assassinate Napolean many times, and he used that as an excuse to advance imperial power.

Factors that led to the Rise of Napoleon in France

The following are the factors that led to the rise of Napolean in France:

  • Robespierre ruled from 1793 to 1794. He introduced a strict system of punishment and control.
  • Everyone who opposed him was to be imprisoned and subsequently judged by a radical tribunal. The victims were executed by the guillotine, which had two poles and a blade.
  • In the 19th century, there was a demand for democracy, freedom, equality, brotherhood, revolutions, and political changes.
  • The Jacobin government was overthrown due to the strict control and punishment regime of Robespierre.
  • Under his rule, the priest class was angry because churches were converted into offices.

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