What was the Main Reason for the Tripartite Struggle?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Main Reason for the Tripartite Struggle was the willingness to acquire and possess the city of Kannauj. The Gurjara-Pratiharas, Palas, and Rashtrakutas fought in the Tripartite Struggle. The conflict, also known as the Kannuaj Triangle Wars, is said to have occurred between the three great Indian dynasties in the eighth and ninth centuries.

Main Reason for the Tripartite Struggle

The Tripartite Struggle, or the Triangle Wars, went on for two centuries and was eventually won by the Rajput Pratihara emperor Nagabhata II. He ruled for almost three centuries.

  • As previously stated, the Tripartite Struggle occurred over the possession of Kannuaj between the three great dynasties of the Palas, Pratiharas, and Rashtrakutas.
  • Kannauj was regarded as a symbol of high status and authority during the early medieval period.
  • Having control of Kannuaj was also significant because it meant control of the central Gangetic Valley, which was rich in resources and thus useful from a commercial standpoint.
  • Kannauj was ruled by three weak kings between the eighth and ninth centuries: Indrayudha, Vijrayudha, and Chakrayudha.
  • Rashtrakutas were drawn to Kannauj because of their weakness.
  • There is little known about the Kannauj kingdom after Emperor Harsha’s death in 647 AD, which caused great confusion due to the absence of his heirs.
  • Kannauj briefly fell into the hands of Arunasva, who attacked Wang Hstian-tse, an ambassador from the Chinese emperor Tai-Tsung who had come to the court of King Harsha.
  • However, Wang Hstian-tse was successful in capturing Arunasva, who was returned to China to spend his days in the company of the Tang Emperor.

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