What is Article 53?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 53 of the Constitution states that the executive power of the Union belongs to the President. Further, the President should exercise power directly or through officials under this Constitution. It follows from Article 53 that the President is the head of the entire government. It intends to provide certain powers to the President.

Article 53

The executive power of the Union is extended to matters on which Parliament may make laws. Each member exercises such power as may be secured to the Government of India by some international agreement or treaty. Without prejudice to the generality of the preceding provision, the Supreme Command of the Defence Forces shall be vested in the President and shall be exercised by law.

Article 53 – Executive Powers of the President

The President is given the authority to act on behalf of the Union and may do so directly or through agents who report to him in accordance with this Constitution.

  • The Union’s armed forces are under the general command of the President, and the manner in which they carry out that command is governed by the law without diminishing the applicability of the preceding clause.

No provision of this article shall be interpreted as:

  • Either preventing the Parliament from lawfully transferring power to entities other than the President
  • Transfer to the President any authority granted by any law currently in effect to the government of any State or other entity.


What is Article 53?

The executive power of the Union is covered under Article 53 of the Indian Constitution. The executive power is vested in the President, who executes it directly or through subordinate officials in conformity with the Constitution. It is simple to regard the President of India as the Union’s executive authority.

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