What is Article 121?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 121 of the Indian Constitution mentions the restriction on Parliamentary discussion. It states that no discussion of a Supreme Court or High Court Judge’s conduct while performing his or her duties is permitted in Parliament until a motion to ask the President to remove the Judge is made, as detailed below.

Article 121 of Indian Constitution

The 23 May 1949 and the 13th of October 1949 saw the adoption of Draft Article 100 (Article 121). It set limits on what could be discussed in Parliament about the behavior of judicial officials. On 23 May 1949, the Assembly unanimously approved and adopted the Draft Article.

A few important points related to Article 121 and its applications have been mentioned ahead.

  • If a measure is proposed in one House and approved there, it may be approved in its entirety by the other House. Deny the bill as a whole.
  • Send the legislation back to the First House for additional consideration after making some changes.
  • There is a rift between the two Houses when the bill is not amended for six months.
  • Both Houses are summoned to a joint session to resolve the constitutional deadlock in this case.
  • The Rajya Sabha has limited authority in the case of Money Bills, which may only be introduced in the Lok Sabha.


What is Article 121?

The Indian Constitution mentions the ban on parliamentary debate in Article 121. It states that no discussion of the conduct of any Supreme Court or High Court Judge in the course of his duties shall take place in Parliament unless there is a motion to present an address to the President requesting the Judge’s removal.

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