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What are the Main Functions of Rajya Sabha?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 12th, 2023

The Main Function of the Rajya Sabha is to protect the union government’s interests. Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha are the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of India. Rajya Sabha, being the upper house of the Parliament, is responsible for many essential constitutional functions.

Functions of Rajya Sabha

The upper house of India’s bicameral Parliament is known as the Rajya Sabha, or Council of States in accordance with its constitution. The Rajya Sabha performs more than just the aforementioned tasks. The Rajya Sabha serves as both a federal chamber and a forum for debate. In addition to these, the Rajya Sabha has two additional exclusive powers, which are listed below:

  • Rajya Sabha can create or abolish an All India Service.
  • Rajya Sabha can announce a State List of subjects of national importance.
Functions of Rajya Sabha
Legislative Functions A bill cannot be passed without the Rajya Sabha.
Executive Functions Rajya Sabha members can criticize, ask questions, and move adjournment.
Judicial Functions Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha can impeach the President in case of violation of the constitution.
Electoral Functions Rajya Sabha members, along with Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assembly members, can elect the President and Vice President of India.
Amendment Functions Rajya Sabha can pass a constitutional amendment bill together with the Lok Sabha, with a 2/3 majority in each house.

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