What are the Principal Functions of the Executive?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Principal Functions of the Executive are the enforcement of laws, appointment-making functions, treaty-making functions, war & peace functions, foreign policy-making relations, policy-making, etc. The executive is the most powerful and second most powerful organ of government. The rise of the welfare state has significantly increased the functions of the executive.

Principal Functions of Executive

In the modern era, there has been a significant increase in the role of the executive in every state. Let us now look at the executive’s responsibilities. The various functions of the executive are given below.

  • The executive’s main function is to supervise and direct the execution of the law.
  • The executive is also responsible for formulating the state’s general policies.
  • The executive makes all major appointments. The executive appoints judges of various state High and Supreme courts, chairman and members of the Union public, ambassadors, Air Force and Navy, and so on.
  • The executive’s military functions include exercising supreme command over the Navy, Army, and Air Force.
  • The executive is also responsible for deciding which treaties should be signed with other countries.
  • It preserves and defends the integrity and unity of the country.
  • The Executive also formulates the state’s foreign policy and conducts foreign relations.
  • Executive plays a crucial role in law-making
  • He/she can reduce, impose or eliminate a tax.
  • Another important function of the executive is to grant honors and titles to the people in recognition of their commendable services to the country

Related Questions:

Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium