Why is Rajya Sabha Called a Permanent House?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Rajya Sabha is called a Permanent House as it is the upper house of the Indian Parliament. Since it is a permanent assembly, it cannot be dissolved. The Lok Sabha is the only body that can be dissolved. A third of the members leave every two years to make room for new ones. The term of office for each Rajya Sabha member is six years.

Reason for calling Rajya Sabha Permanent House

The Rajya Sabha is a permanent body that cannot be dissolved. Rajya Sabha, or the upper house of the Parliament, is also called the Council of States.

  • It is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved in any case. Every two years, 1/3rd of the Rajya Sabha members resign for the new candidates to join.
  • The senior minister and member of the Rajya Sabha are appointed as the Leader of the House by the Prime Minister.
  • The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of the Upper House or Rajya Sabha.
  • The total strength of the Upper House is 250.
  • It can have a maximum of 245 members as of 2021, 233 of whom are elected by state and territorial legislatures using single transferable votes in open elections.
  • The President may also appoint 12 members to the Rajya Sabha for their contributions to the arts, literature, sciences, and social services.
  • Article 80 of the Indian Constitution states that the Rajya Sabha has a maximum seating capacity of 245 members (233 elected, 12 appointed).

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