What are 5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Green Revolution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Green Revolution: The advantage of the Green Revolution is that it gives consistent agricultural yield. On the other hand, the disadvantage of the Green Revolution is that it encourages monocropping practices. Between the late 1950s and 1960s, the Green Revolution was an agricultural reform that improved crop production around the world.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Green Revolution

The green revolution is a program that uses fertilizers and chemicals to create high-yield crops quickly to improve results. The five advantages and disadvantages of the Green Revolution are as follows:

Advantages of the Green Revolution Disadvantages of the Green Revolution
The high-yield method significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions and emission-free environments by influencing carbon cycles through the atmosphere. Repeated use of the same crop leads to the depletion of soil nutrients and soil quality.
It uses a variety of techniques and enhances food production. It is an alternative to the traditional farming method. Consumption of foods grown with pesticides and fertilizers will significantly affect health problems.
High-yielding varieties produce more food products while reducing the cost of food for consumers all over the world. Increases the amount of food chain interaction and causes the loss of beneficial genetic traits developed through traditional farming.
With increasing food demand, deforestation also increases. Therefore, starting the “Green Revolution” meets food needs and encourages deforestation. By creating seeds from mature plants, new technologies enable future crop growth to be stunted.
It gives consistent agricultural yields throughout all seasons. The Green Revolution encourages monocropping practices, which have many adverse effects and reduce the production of high-yielding crops.

Green Revolution

A scientist, Norman Borlaug, started the Green Revolution movement in 1960. He is internationally known as the “Father of Green Revolution“. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970 for creating high-yielding wheat varieties (HYVs).

To increase the crop yield, it uses state-of-the-art equipment, technology, and high-quality raw material. With the introduction of this technology, world agriculture was transformed, and many emerging nations, including India, were spared from widespread famine.

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