What is Green Revolution? Why was it Implemented, and how did it Benefit the Farmers?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Green Revolution is distinguished by the introduction of a ‘High-Yielding Variety’ of seeds into Indian agriculture, which resulted in enhanced food grain output. In 1965, Norman Ernest Borlaug launched the Green Revolution. He also received the Nobel Peace Prize for the same reason. The main aim of bringing the Green Revolution to India was to make it self-sufficient and independent.

Green Revolution Implementation and Benefits to Farmers

Green Revolution resulted in higher crop productivity which could happen due to the inclusion of certain progressive measures. It meant increased use of appropriate fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation facilities, which resulted in high crop yields.

  • Norman Ernest Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, plant pathologist, and winner of the Nobel Prize for Peace in 1970, initiated this Green Revolution.
  • It was implemented with the goal of higher yields of food grains, especially wheat, and rice, and was focused more on developing countries like India.
  • It reduced farmers’ reliance on natural circumstances and allowed them to grow crops under poor conditions by utilizing some technology and adopting new approaches in the same direction.
  • It made the farmers’ work easier and provided them with a larger revenue than before.

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