What is Panchayat Samiti?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Panchayat Samiti is the Panchayati Raj System’s middle or intermediate layer. They go by different names in different states. Its structure and tasks are likewise distinct because they are determined by the Act passed by the respective state. It synchronizes the activity of all Panchayats within a Block.

Panchayat Samiti

In India, a Panchayat Samiti is a rural local government entity at the intermediate tehsil level. It is useful for the villages of the tehsil, which form a development block. It has been described as the “panchayat of panchayats.”

  • The Panchayati Raj system in India predates independence, although it still exists today.
  • For many years, the village panchayat has been the major political body in rural India.
  • In ancient India, panchayats were elected councils with both executive and judicial authority.
  • Foreign powers, particularly the Mughals and the British, as well as spontaneous and imposed socioeconomic progress, had eroded the importance of local panchayats.
  • However, before independence, panchayats served as vehicles for the upper castes’ domination over the rest of the community, widening the socioeconomic class or caste hierarchy difference.

The Indian government established many committees to investigate the rural self-governance implementation and provide recommendations on how to proceed.


What is Panchayat Samiti?

The intermediate layer of the Panchayati Raj system is known as the Panchayat Samiti. In different states, they go by a variety of names. Because the applicable State’s Act controls them, their structure and requirements change.

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