Explain the Key Features of the Indian Constitution

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The key features of the Indian Constitution include the Parliamentary Form of Government, Separation of Powers, Fundamental Rights, Secularism, and Federalism. Indian Constitution is the longest constitution in the world. It is comprehensive and offers its citizens various rights that are mentioned in it in detail.

Features of the Indian Constitution

Listed below are some of the key features of the Indian Constitution which make it quite distinct.

  • Fundamental Rights – The Indian Constitution provides fundamental rights to citizens to protect their interests and lives. These are also referred to as the conscience of the Constitution. These rights are provided to ensure that all citizens have the freedom to live as per their choice.
  • Secularism – According to the Indian Constitution, India is a secular country. This means that the citizens of the country have the right to practice their religion freely, and no one religion is given preference.
  • Federalism – This means that in India, there is more than one level of government. There are three tiers which are Central, State, and Panchayati Raj.
  • Parliamentary Form of Government – The parliamentary form of government means that the country’s people can vote and influence how the country is run.
  • Separation of Powers – Power in the country is divided into executive, legislature, and judiciary, each of which has its own authority and power. Separation of power ensures that power is not abused or concentrated within a particular group of people.

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