During Whose Reign the Ijarah System was Introduced?

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

The Ijarah system was introduced during Jahandar Shah’s (Mughal emperor) reign by Zulfiqar Khan, who was one of his powerful nobles. The Ijarah system is also known as the revenue farming system, contrary to Todar Mal’s fixed land revenue. In the Ijarah system, there were different sets of rules for collecting revenue from peasants, middlemen, and farmers.

Table of content

  • 1. In Which Reign Ijarah System was Introduced? (more)

In Which Reign Ijarah System was Introduced?

The Ijara system became popular during the Mughal period (in the 18th century). The ijarah system was confined to the revenue officials and their families. The peasants were most exploited. It led to an increase in the oppression of the peasants. The following are the revenue collections from farmers, middlemen, and peasants:

  • Revenue farmers: The government was forming contracts with the revenue farmers.
  • Middlemen: The middleman was bound to pay the government a fixed amount of money.
  • Peasants: There were no fixed rules for collecting revenue from the peasants. The government was free to collect taxes as per their will from the peasants.

Under this system, if the peasants had insufficient money to pay and insufficient means to cultivate the farms, their lands were farmed out to third parties. This system was highly efficient during the Mughal rule. However, it became a matter of dispute under Akbar and Sher Shah’s rule.

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