What is Article 3 of the Indian Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 3 of the Indian constitution addresses the formation of new states as well as any changes or modifications to existing states’ names, boundaries, or areas. The article gives authority to the Parliament to change the area, boundaries, or names of existing states in accordance with the law. Unless the President of India recommends it, there is no such requirement for a Bill to be passed in either House of Parliament.

Article 3 of the Constitution of India

Article 3 (Draft Article 3) was debated on the 17th, 18th, and 13th of November 1948. It gave Parliament the authority to make laws concerning the formation of new states and modifying existing states.

Article 3 of the Indian Constitution empowers Parliament to make decisions in accordance with the law regarding any changes or alterations required in the areas, boundaries, or names of existing States.

Actions of Parliament under Article 3

Under Article 3, the Parliament may take the following actions:

  • It can form a completely new State by separating the territory from any State by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state.
  • It can increase or decrease the area of any State.
  • It can change/alter the name of any State.
  • It can also make changes to the boundaries of a State.

The fact that Article 3 exists in the Constitution of India is a testament to the fact that the writers of the Constitution were far-sighted and thought about the future of India. It was a brilliant and mature move on their part to accept that the country’s provinces would alter and modify with time.

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