Describe the Geographical Conditions Required for the Growth of Rice

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The geographical conditions required for the growth of rice are a hot and humid atmosphere. Its scientific name for rice is Oryza sativa. It is most likely a descendant of a type of wild grass that was initially domesticated in the foothills of the far Eastern Himalayas. According to a different school of thought, the rice plant may have originated in southern India before migrating to the north and eventually China.

Geographical Conditions Required for the Growth of Rice

Rice is cultivated in India in different climatic and altitude conditions. Rice is grown in India from 8 to 35° North latitude and 3000 meters above sea level. A warm, humid environment is essential for rice production. It works best in areas with high humidity, constant sunlight, and a reliable water supply. However, in places where there is less rainfall, it can be grown with the help of irrigation.

  • A rice plant is a form of Kharif crop, which is why it requires high temperatures to grow.
  • The average temperature required to grow rice is between 21 and 37 °C for its life span, and 400 °C to 42 °C is the highest temperature the crop can survive in.
  • Rice can be grown in various soil types, including silt, loam, and gravel, although impermeable clay is the best for alluvial soil.
  • Almost all of India’s states produce rice, but most of it is grown in river valleys, deltas, and coastal plains.
  • West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Punjab, Odisha, Karnataka, Assam, and Maharashtra are the states that produce the most rice.

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