What is the Highest Plateau in the World?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Highest Plateau in the World is the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau. In India, it is known as the Himalayan Plateau, and it encompasses the majority of Central, South, and East Asia. It encompasses the Tibet Autonomous Region, several Western Chinese provinces (Qinghai, Yunnan, Sichuan, Gansu), India (Ladakh and Lahaul and Spiti), Pakistan, northern Nepal, Bhutan, eastern Tajikistan, and southern Kyrgyzstan.

Name the Highest Plateau in the World

The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is the highest plateau in the world. It towers over China at an elevation of 4500 meters above sea level and is often referred to as the roof of the world. It has an average elevation of more than 4500 meters (from sea level).

  • It is surrounded by the Himalayan range and its imposing mountain peaks, home to the world’s two highest summits, Mount Everest and K2.
  • This plateau also serves as the drainage basin for many streams and rivers in the surrounding area.
  • The Yellow, Yangtze, and Mekong rivers are among Asia’s three longest rivers.
  • Because it pays homage to thousands of glaciers, the plateau is known as a water tower.
  • Sometimes called the Third Pole’, its ice fields house the largest amount of freshwater (excluding the polar regions).
  • Its several features make it an important ecological site, and the impact of climate change on it has recently sparked scientific research and curiosity.
  • It covers an area of about 2,500 kilometers (1,600 mi) from east to west and 1,000 kilometers from north to south, including southern Gansu province, southern Xinjiang, Ladakh, and the Indian regions of Lahaul and Spiti, as well as Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan.

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