Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

The main difference between Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission is that Asynchronous transmission has a gap between the transmitted data, whereas in Synchronous transmission, there is no gap between the transmitted data.

Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission PDF

The most essential difference between the Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission is that while transmitting data in synchronous method, continuous stream of data is transferred whereas discrete packets of the data is transmitted in asynchronous method of transmission. here, we will see the comparison of synchronous vs. asynchronous transmission in detail based on different parameters.

Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission

The key difference between Synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission is that during the Transmission via the synchronous method, the gap between the Data is absent, whereas, in asynchronous Transmission, the gap is present. Both synchronous and Asynchronous Transmission are mentioned in the official GATE CSE syllabus. Let us explore other differences between the two based on various aspects.

Synchronous Vs. Asynchronous Transmission

Synchronous Transmission

Asynchronous Transmission

Synchronous Transmission is a fast mode of Transmission. Asynchronous Transmission is a slower mode of Transmission.
In this mode of Transmission, the Data is transmitted in blocks. In this mode of Transmission, the Data is transmitted in the form of bytes.
It is a costly mode of Transmission. It is an economic mode of Transmission.
Synchronous Transmission is a fast mode of Transmission with constant time intervals. Asynchronous Transmission is a mode of Transmission where the time interval of Transmission is not fixed and keeps varying.
The response from the server is received after the complete Transmission. Responses are received even during the processing of the Transmission.
Data transmission in synchronous Transmission does not require the bits such as stop and start. Data transmission in asynchronous Transmission requires the bits such as stop and start.

What is Synchronous Transmission?

Synchronous Transmission is the transmission method of Data. In this method, data transmission in a continuous stream with periodic timing signals occurs. Synchronous Transmission requires an external clocking system and is also essential for the GATE exam. The constant or predetermined intervals are important aspects of synchronous Transmission.

In Synchronous Transmission, Data is transmitted in big blocks. The data transferred by this is generally consistent and reliable data. Whenever volumes of Data are heavy, then synchronous Transmission is preferred.

What is Asynchronous Transmission?

Asynchronous Transmission is another method to transmit data as synchronous Transmission. In this method, start/stop Transmission occurs, which means the data transmission starts or stops at an unpredictable time with some delay. The stop and start bits are used for the beginning and ending bits.

Unlike synchronous Transmission, Data is transmitted in packets. Responses during the processing are received in this. The characteristics of Asynchronous Transmission are:

  • The Start bit is always leading, and more than one stop bit may be present.
  • The Transmission is slow.
  • The Transmission is not continuous and may break frequently.
Some Important GATE Topics
Difference between Raster and Vector Graphics Difference Between ERP and SAP
Difference Between DDL and DML Difference Between Web Browser and Web Server
Difference Between Static and Dynamic Memory Allocation Difference Between Multiplexer and Demultiplexer
Our Apps Playstore
SSC and Bank
Other Exams
GradeStack Learning Pvt. Ltd.Windsor IT Park, Tower - A, 2nd Floor, Sector 125, Noida, Uttar Pradesh 201303
Home Practice Test Series Premium