Discuss the Mechanism of Monsoon

By K Balaji|Updated : December 3rd, 2022

Water and land are heated differently by the sun. During the summer, the Intertropical Convergence Zone, or ITCZ, moves over the Ganga plains. The monsoon is impacted by the high-pressure area east of Madagascar. The Tibetan plateau experiences intense summer heat because of strong vertical air currents and the development of high pressure over the plateau. The monsoon is affected by Southern Oscillation.

Mechanism of Monsoon

Monsoons are primarily seasonal winds that change direction in response to the season. As a result, the monsoons are a dual system of seasonal winds that travel from the sea to land in the summer and from the land to the sea in the winter.

  • Beginning in early June and ending in mid-September, the monsoon season lasts between 100 and 120 days.
  • The "burst" of the monsoon is when the normal amount of rainfall increases abruptly at the time of its arrival and lasts continuously for several days.
  • The rainy season in India is referred to by the word monsoon, which is derived from the Arabic word "Mausam."
  • It is a meteorological event that has a significant impact on our nation's climate.
  • The seasonal winds known as monsoons shift or reverse direction in accordance with the changing seasons.
  • They begin their journey in the summer, travelling from the sea to the land, then in the winter, returning to the sea.
  • As a result, we can assert that two seasonal wind systems combine to create the monsoon.
  • In addition, the monsoon season lasts for roughly 100 to 120 days, from early June to mid-September.


Discuss the Mechanism of Monsoon.

The sun heats the earth and the water in different ways. The ITCZ, also known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone, passes over the Ganga plains in the summer. East of Madagascar, there is a high-pressure area that has an effect on the monsoon.

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