Election Commission of India [ECI]

By : Neha Dhyani

Updated : Jun 10, 2022, 15:50

The Election Commission of India [ECI] is an autonomous constitutional body responsible for managing federal and state elections in India. The organization manages elections to the offices of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, the Legislative Assembly of India, and the President and Vice President of the State.

Election Commission of India and Democracy

It is of the people, by the people, and for the people of India which is the world's largest democracy with a population of 1.33 billion.

India is a constitutional democracy in which the government of India has the political power of the country and is compliant with the basic laws stipulated in the Constitution.

Significance of the Election Commission of India [ECI]

The Election Commission of India [ECI] is responsible for organizing free and fair elections in the federal and state states of India.

The Constitution empowers ECI to direct, supervise and manage elections for the Parliament, the Legislature, the Presidential Office of India, and the Vice Presidential Office of India.

Scope of the Election Commission of India [ECI]

The Election Commission of India is a separate state election commission because it does not handle elections to local governments such as Panchayat.

The Election Commission of India [ECI] is a mandated body that was constitutionalized in India in 1950 by a democratic process.

Headquartered in New Delhi, it consists of three members (the chief election commissioner and two other members called commissioners) appointed by the President of India for a six-year term and can only be dismissed by the impeachment of Parliament.

Functions of the Election Commission of India [ECI]

The Election Commission of India [ECI] is not affected by political influence, is meticulously impartial, and is tasked with conducting fair and orderly elections.

The ECI oversees, directs, and manages the entire election process, edits, maintains, and updates the electoral list, and oversees the nomination of candidates.

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Powers of the Election Commission of India [ECI]

It can register political parties and classify them at the national and state levels. It further oversees election campaigns, including raising political funds. It also promotes media coverage, organizes voting booths, and oversees ballot counting and results announcements.

The Election Commission of India is authoritative and decisive in election issues. For example, if the law is ambiguous, you can file an objection in court.

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About Article 324 in The Constitution Of India 1949

This is regarding the supervision, direction, and control of elections that is implemented by the Election Commission to check the conduct of, all elections to Parliament, Legislature of every State, offices of President and Vice President vested in the Election Commission of India [ECI].

The Indian Elections are by far the largest democratic movement in the world. At the beginning of the 21st century, about 700 million voters participated in about 700,000 polling stations in various geographic and political environments. The Election Commission of India operates through a secretariat with approximately 300 employees.

Each state has a chief election officer with full-time staff, and civilian officers perform the duties of returning officers at the district and constituency levels. However, in the general election, a huge team of temporary workers (up to 5 million people) is tasked with voting.

The Election Commission of India has taken several steps to maintain the relevance of its work. These initiatives include the use of state electronic media for a political party, political campaigns, efforts to verify political criminalization, digitization of voter rosters provision of voter ID cards, and ensuring the fairness of all political parties with strict adherence to the Code of Conduct.

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FAQs on Election Commission of India [ECI]

Q.1. What is the Election Commission of India [ECI] mainly responsible for?

The Election Commission of India [ECI], founded in 1950, is mainly responsible for the major elections in India:

  • Elections at Lok Sabha
  • Elections to the state legislative assembly
  • Rajya Sabha member of the parliament

Q.2. Name the Indian Chief Election Commissioners of the Election Commission of India [ECI] for the past three sessions?

The list of India's Chief Election Commissioners as stated by the Election Commission of India [ECI] is as follows:

  • Shri AK Joti from 06 July 2017 till 22 January 2018
  • Shri Om Prakash Rawat from 23 January 2018 till 01 December 2018
  • Shri Sunil Arora from 02 December 2019 till date

Q3. What is the Right to Vote all about in India under the Election Commission of India [ECI]?

All citizens of India, under the Election Commission of India, are entitled to vote by registering themselves in the constituency in which they reside, provided they are 18 years old on the first day of the year the electoral list was created. It is important to note that persons disqualified by the court for corruption, election-related crimes, or if they are suffering from mental illness, are not eligible to vote.

Q4. Who is responsible for appointing the members of the Election Commission of India [ECI]?

The Election Commission of India [ECI] is made up of the Chief Election Commissioner, along with two Election Commissioners and they are all elected by the President of the country.

Q.5. Who was India's first woman Chief Election Commissioner under the Election Commission of India [ECI]?

Ramadevi was India's first woman Chief Election Commissioner who served from November 26, 1990, to December 11, 1990, under the Election Commission of India [ECI].