- The organization was founded at the second party congress in 1903 when Lenin's supporters gained a temporary majority on the party's central committee and the editorial board of flagship newspaper Iskra by arguing that party membership should only be open to career revolutionaries.
- Their opponents were called Mensheviks ("Those of the Minority") while they adopted the moniker Bolsheviks.
- Even though both sides worked together during the Russian Revolution of 1905 and briefly appeared to be reconciled (around 1906 and 1910), their disagreements grew.
- The Bolsheviks persisted in their demand for a highly organized, professional party.
- They refused to work with the administration and other political parties in succeeding Dumas and boycotted the 1906 elections for the First State Duma (Russia's parliament).
- Additionally, the Mensheviks and non-Russian Social Democrats opposed their income sources, including thievery.
Who was the leader of the Bolshevik party?
Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik Party. The overarching goal of the Bolshevik Party was to overthrow the Tsar and impose a communist government in Russia.