Who Formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Bhagat Singh formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Earlier, it was known by the name of the Hindustan Republican Army. The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association was a revolutionary institution instituted in 1928. Other members who contributed to its inception and growth include Ram Prasad Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee, Ashfaqulla Khan, Sachindranath Sanyal, and Sachindra Nath Bakshi.

Hindustan Socialist Republican Association Founder

Founded by Bhagat Singh, the association was previously known as the Hindustan Republican Army and Hindustan Republican Association. The name changed as the anti-colonial sentiment started increasing after the Simon Commission. It was formed to create constitutional reforms, which many Indians protested against.

It was during this time that the famous slogan, ‘Simon Go Back’ was introduced in an effort to force the British government to take back these reforms. The leaders of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association were Sachindra Nath Sanyal and Bhagat Singh. The motive behind forming this association was the independence of India.

Facts About Hindustan Socialist Republican Association

Below are the important facts about HSRA.

  • The members of HSRA published a manifesto known as The Revolutionary.
  • This manifesto was used as evidence in the Kakori Train Robbery case of 1925.
  • The movement started by HSRA was suspended by Gandhi after the ‘Chauri Chaura’ incident because he wanted to curb the violence happening during the protests.
  • HSRA members looted various houses, trains, and other institutions to register their protest against the English government.


Who Formed the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association?

The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association was founded in 1928 by Shaheed Bhagat Singh. The association was dissolved in 1940 after the death of Bhagat Singh and Chandra Shekhar Azad, and Udham Singh. HSRA was known for its various efforts to resist British rule through actions that were not supported by Gandhi and his followers. Hindustan Republican Association even faced criticism from Gandhi as it was opposite to that Gandhi’s non-violent resistance movement.

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