Which is the oldest Indian civilization?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 1st, 2022

The Indus Valley Civilization or the Harappan Civilization marks the birth of the History of India. The Indus Valley was home to the largest of the four ancient urban civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China. However, for India, the Vedic civilization is said to be the earliest civilization in the history of ancient India.

Features of the Oldest Indian Civilization

  • The Harappan Civilization or Indus Valley Civilization is the oldest urban culture of the subcontinent of India.
  • Nuclear dates for the civilization are about 2500 to 1700 BCE, although the southern sites would have lasted later to the 2nd millennium BCE.
  • In the three oldest civilizations of the world —the other two being Egypt and Mesopotamia —the Indus civilization was extensive.
  • In 1921, the civilization was first identified in the Punjab region at Harappa and then in 1922 near the Indus River in the Sindh (Sind) region at Mohenjodaro (Mohenjodaro).
  • The places are present-day Pakistan, in the provinces of Sindh and Punjab. The ruins of Mohenjodaro were included in the World Heritage List of UNESCO in 1980.
  • Subsequently, remains of the civilization have been found as far apart as Sutkagen Dor in the southwestern province of Baluchistan, Pakistan, near the coast of the Arabian Sea, about 300 miles (480 km) west of Karachi; and at Ropar (or Rupar), in the eastern state of Punjab, northwestern India, at the foot of the Shimla mountain range, about 1,600 km northeast of Sutkagen Dor.


Which is the oldest Indian civilization?

The oldest Indian civilization is The Indus Valley Civilization, famous as the Harappan Civilization. It was the home to four urban civilizations of China, India, Mesopotamia, and Egypt.


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