What is the 97th Amendment of Indian Constitution?

By Shubhra Anand Jain|Updated : July 12th, 2022

The 97th amendment of Indian constitution came into effect on 15 February 2012 and was passed by the Parliament of India in December 2011. This amendment gave constitutional status to cooperative societies. As per the 97th amendment, such societies are to be protected and managed effectively.

Define 97th Amendment of Indian Constitution?

The 97th amendment of Indian constitution gives fundamental rights to cooperative societies. Under this amendment, the following provisions are to be enjoyed by all cooperative societies in India - 

  • The fundamental right to form a cooperative society, as per Article 19 of the constitution.
  • Article 43B includes a Directive Principle on State Policy for the promotion of cooperative societies.

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  • The 97th amendment of Indian constitution was passed for the welfare of all cooperative societies in India. The act offers provisions for the protection and promotion of all cooperative societies.

  • The 97th amendment of Indian constitution was passed in December 2011 by the Parliament. It came into effect on 15 February 2012.

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