What Is Indian Constitution?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : August 26th, 2022

The Indian Constitution is the supreme law of India. The Republic of India is governed by the Constitution of India, adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November, 1949. The Indian Constitution came into force on 26th January, 1950. The Indian Constitution provides for a Parliamentary form of government that is federal in structure. 

Basic Features of the Indian Constitution

The Constitution of India is the longest in the world. The salient features of the Constitution have developed directly and indirectly from these objectives, which flow from the Preamble. The basic features of the Indian Constitution are:

  • The Preamble to the Constitution consists of the ideals, objectives, and basic principles of the Constitution. 
  • The Preamble declares India to be a Republic.
  • Article I of the Constitution declares, "India, that is Bharat, is a Union of States.”
  • The Constitution of India grants and guarantees six Fundamental Rights to its citizens.
  • Under the Indian Constitution, Directive Principles of State Policy are directives to the government to implement to maintain social and economic democracy in the country.
  • Article 74(1) of the Constitution provides that there shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as its head to aid and advise the President, who shall exercise his/her functions according to the advice. 
  • All registered voters get the opportunity to vote in elections under the concept of the Universal Adult Franchise.
  • The Constitution provides a single integrated judicial system common to the Union and the states.
  • The Indian Constitution guarantees complete freedom of religion to all.

Related Questions:-


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  • The Indian Constitution is called a living document because it can be amended or changed. Our Constitution accepts the necessity of modifications according to changing needs of society. Secondly, in the actual working of the Constitution, there has been enough flexibility in interpretations.

  • Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the then Law Minister who introduced the Constitution's final draft in the Constituent Assembly.

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