What is Article 85 of the Indian Constitution?

By Ritika Pant|Updated : November 7th, 2022

Article 85 of the Indian Constitution addresses the requirements of Parliament Sessions, Prorogation, or the action of terminating a parliamentary session, and dissolution. It states that the President has the authority to call a meeting of each House of Parliament at any time and place he deems appropriate.

Article 85 of the Indian Constitution

The President shall not intervene for a period of six months between the previous meeting in one session and the date set for the first sitting in the following session. The President may, from time to time, end a session of (a parliament or other legislative assembly) the Houses or either House without dissolving it, a practice known as proroguing, and dissolve the House of the People.

The summoning or issuing of a call of Parliament is defined in Article 85 of the Constitution. The potential to call a session of Parliament is in the hands of the Government. The Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs takes the judgment, which the President regularises.

  • The time difference between the two sessions of the Parliament cannot surpass six months, representing that the Parliament conducts a meeting at least two times in one year.
  • Summoning is the method of calling all Parliament members to meet, whereas Prorogation is the end of a session.

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FAQs on Article 85 of Constitution of India

  • Article 85 of the Constitution states that the President may summon each House of Parliament to meet at any time and place he deems appropriate. The President may suspend or even dissolve the Houses or either House of the People at any time.

  • The President calls both Houses (the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha) of the Parliament and discontinues the session with them. President also can dissolve the Lok Sabha per Article 85 (2)(b) of the Indian Constitution.

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