What is 84th Amendment?

By Harshal Vispute|Updated : December 20th, 2022

According to the 84th Amendment Act of 2001, the constituency boundaries were frozen until the first census after 2026 or at least after 2031. The 1971 census served as the foundation for the seat allocation of the present Lok Sabha. The Constitution (Eighty-fourth Amendment) Act, 2002, which was enacted in response to the Constitution (Ninety-ninth Amendment) Bill, 2000, contained a statement of objectives and reasons. With the same intention of supporting population control measures, seat adjustments of Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assembly were restricted for the next 25 years (i.e., till 2026).

84th Amendment of the Constitution of India

The provisions of Articles 82 and 170 (3) of the Constitution provide that no fresh re-adjustment of constituencies can be done until the data of the first census conducted after the year 2000 is published. These provisions were inserted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976, as a measure to promote family planning norms.

  • Since the first census to be conducted after the year 2000 has already started, the constitutional restriction on the new delimitation will be over once this census data is published.
  • There have been constant demands in favour and against the new delimitation exercise.
  • Keeping in view the progress of family planning programs, the Government, as part of the National Population Policy Strategy, recently decided to extend the current moratorium on the new delimitation till 2026 as a motivational measure. The state government will pursue the agenda of population stabilization.
  • The Government has also decided to undertake the work of re-adjustment and rationalization of regional constituencies in the States. This includes constituencies of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes without changing the number of seats allotted to each State in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies.
  • Removing the imbalance arising due to uneven growth of population/electorship in different constituencies, based on the population in the 1991 Census.
  • There is also a proposal to re-fix the number of seats reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha and State Assemblies.

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FAQs on 84th Amendment

  • According to the 84th Amendment Act of 2001, the constituency borders were frozen until the first census after 2026, or at least until after 2031. The 1971 census served as the foundation for the current Lok Sabha seat allocation.

  • In 1950, the first constitutional amendment was passed. The 1951 Constitution (First Amendment) Act amended the Fundamental Rights clauses of the Indian Constitution in several ways. It supported measures to abolish zamindari and made it clear that the right to equality does not preclude the passing of laws that give "particular consideration" to society's most vulnerable groups.

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