What are the Types of Farming?

By Durga Prashanna Mishra|Updated : June 16th, 2022

The Types of Farming include- Subsistence farming, Commercial farming, Shifting farming, Intensive farming, Extensive farming, Plantation farming, and Mixed farming. Farming is one of the main activities of any country. The economy of a country largely depends on farming, and farming depends on geographical conditions, labor, product demand, and technology level. Let’s take a look at what are the types of farming and their specialty below.

Different Types of Farming

Below we have jotted down the types of farming and highlighted their procedure and benefits.

Types of Farming

Procedure 

Benefits

Subsistence farming

Characterized by small and scattered land holdings and the use of primitive tools

Highly yielding and variety of seeds can be used in the fields

Shifting agriculture

Farmers produce crops, and when the old fertility decreases they shift to another land

Helps in pest control and gives maximum yield 

Intensive farming

Small farms are cultivated using large inputs of manual labor, fertilizers, and manures

More than one crop can be cultivated, which increases the productivity

Extensive farming

Farming is practiced with farms of large size, with help of machines. The input of labor per unit is low. 

Emphasis is laid on enhanced production.

Plantation farming

Single agriculture crop is produced

Usually produced for export market

Commercial farming

Cultivation of crops is done for the sale in the market

It gives higher benefits to the farmers

Mixed farming

Farming of crops and rising animal together is called mixed farming

Ensures steady income to farmers 

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FAQs on What are the Types of Farming?

  • There are various types of farming done for a specific area and to fulfill specific needs. The types of farming generally include Intensive farming, Subsistence farming, Commercial farming, Shifting farming, Extensive farming, Plantation farming, and Mixed farming.

  • The most common types of farming are Subsistence farming, commercial farming, and mixed farming. Different regions promote different varieties of farming that are suitable for their crop production.

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