What are the Top 10 Causes of Pollution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Top 10 Causes of Pollution are the burning of fossil fuels, factories, industrial emissions, domestic sources, mining activities, construction, open burning of garbage waste, volcanic eruptions, microbial decaying processes, etc. There are numerous Causes of Pollution, which have been a major concern for the world recently. With rising pollution, breathing fresh and clean air has become next to impossible.

Top 10 Causes of Pollution

As we have mentioned above, there are many Causes of Pollution. But, below we have mentioned the top ten factors which contribute significantly to the increasing pollution.

  • Burning of fossil fuels: This includes burning oil, coal, and gasoline to produce energy for transportation or electricity.
  • Industrial emissions: Factories and industries also emit pollutants into the air which cause pollution.
  • Vehicles: Harmful gases emitted from vehicles also contribute to pollution.
  • Mining activities: Dust and harmful chemicals are released during mining.
  • Construction: Construction work is also one of the major causes of pollution.
  • Volcanic eruption: Volcanoes release sulfur dioxide into the air
  • Household Sources: Cleaning products in household products and paints contain harmful chemicals that aid in pollution.
  • Forest fires: Forest fires also cause an increase of PM 2.5 in the air which collides with harmful substances and produces haze.
  • Microbial Decay Process: The decay of microorganisms releases methane gas which is toxic.
  • Agricultural activities: The use of pesticides, insecticides, and fertilizers releases harmful chemicals.

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