Functions of the State Election Commission
The primary duty of the Election Commission of India is to oversee fair and free elections throughout the country. The election process for the offices of the President and Vice President of India as well as the legislatures of each state is under the direct supervision of the Election Commission of India. The main functions of the State Election Commission are as follows:
- Before each election, it ensures that all candidates and parties adhere to the Model Code of Conduct (MCC) to maintain the integrity of the political process.
- It enhances and strengthens trust and confidence in the electoral system of this country by enhancing the understanding of the electoral process and electoral governance among key stakeholders including voters, political parties, election officials, candidates, and the general public.
- The Election Commission sets expenditure limits for candidates and parties and also keeps track of the amount spent.
- In addition, the agency requires that political parties regularly submit their audited financial reports.
State Election Commission
Elections to urban local bodies, including municipalities, municipal corporations, panchayats, and any others designated by the Election Commission of India, are controlled by the Election Commission of the states in India. They are appointed by the governor of the state or union territory.
The Election Commission was created on 25 January 1950 and was given permanent, independent, and autonomous jurisdiction under the Indian Constitution. The establishment of the Election Commission, as well as its powers and duties, are covered in Part XV of the Indian Constitution. Articles 324 to 329 of the Constitution define the responsibilities, powers, conditions, and qualifications of the Election Commission.