Why was the State Reorganization Commission Formed?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The State Reorganization Commission was formed with the view of reorganizing or restructuring the state boundaries. This Commission was set up by the Central Government of India in August 1953. It eventually led to the demand for the creation of linguistic states in India.

State Reorganization Commission Formation

The State Reorganization Commission was formed by the Central Government of India. This was done during the period of national movement where it was decided that States would be created on the basis of common cultural and linguistic identity, as much as possible. As its name suggests, the State Reorganization Commission sought to reorganize the existing states and create a more cohesive structure based on linguistic and cultural identity.

  • In fact, this was the catalyst for the nation’s first attempt at linguistic states.
  • Around 1956, there was a reorganization, and the process of forming the linguistic states is still underway.
  • The Central Government of India established the States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) in December 1953 to make recommendations regarding the redrawing of state boundaries.
  • After two years of research, the Commission made up of Justice Fazal Ali, K. M. Panikkar, and H. N. Kunzru, published its report in September 1955.
  • Major changes were made to the state and territory boundaries of India in 1956 under the States Reorganisation Act, which organized them according to linguistic groups.

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