How Long is the Term for Prime Minister of India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The term for the Prime Minister of India is five years. The head of state of the Republic of India is the Prime Minister. The President of India is the constitutional, nominal, and ceremonial head of state, but the Prime Minister and his appointed Council of Ministers have executive powers. The Lok Sabha, the main legislative body of the Republic of India, is the lower house of the Indian Parliament.

Tenure of Prime Minister of India

A prime minister can hold office indefinitely as long as the president has confidence in them because they act at “the pleasure of the president”. The Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Indian Parliament, should have confidence in the Prime Minister.

If a simple majority of Lok Sabha members vote to remove their confidence in the Prime Minister, a process known as a no-confidence vote, the Prime Minister’s term may expire before the Lok Sabha’s term ends. This method has been used to remove three prime ministers: I K Gujral, HD Deve Gowda, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

The Lok Sabha is the body to which the Union Cabinet is collectively accountable under Article 75(3) of the Constitution of India. The Prime Minister is required to have the support of the majority of the Lok Sabha and is unable to do so when directed by the President, he must resign.

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