GS 3 Paper Syllabus for UPSC Mains - Download PDF

By Ritesh|Updated : August 9th, 2022

GS 3 Syllabus for UPSC Mains includes Economic Development, Technology, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management. General Studies 3 is one of the 9 papers in the UPSC Civil Services Mains Examination. GS 3 Syllabus must be analyzed properly by the candidates appearing for UPSC Mains. Candidates need to give their utmost priority to the topics covered in the UPSC GS Paper 3 syllabus, as it will play a huge role in the selection of candidates in UPSC.

In this article, we have covered the GS Paper 3 syllabus in detail. Additionally, we have mentioned some tips and tricks to cover this syllabus in an efficient manner, along with some highly-rated books to cover UPSC GS 3 syllabus.

Table of Content

GS 3 Syllabus for IAS Mains

GS Paper 3 is one of the 9 papers in the UPSC Mains exam, and the weightage of this paper is 250 marks. Candidates will get a total of 3 hours to complete the GS Paper 3. UPSC is known for its tricky way of framing questions, and that's why candidates need to cover the GS 3 Syllabus in the best possible way and be ready for all sorts of questions asked in this paper. Preparation is incomplete without an in-depth understanding of the UPSC GS 3 Syllabus.

The GS 3 Mains syllabus is focused on the following subjects:

  • Technology
  • Security
  • Disaster Management
  • Economic Development
  • Biodiversity
  • Environment

UPSC GS 3 Syllabus

The GS paper 3 covered topics from Economics to Disaster management. Below, we have covered the GS paper 3 syllabus and its focus area.

GS 3 Syllabus and its Focus Areas

Science & Technology

Dark Matter

GM Crops

Gene Editing

Higgs Boson

Artificial Intelligence

Space Technology

Defence Technology

Rare Earth Elements

Economics

Economic Development in India

Macroeconomics

Disaster Management

Disaster Management in India

National Disaster Management Plan 2016

PM Cares Fund

Biodiversity

Types of Biodiversity

Biodiversity and Environment

Security

Internal Security Challenges in India

Money-Laundering

Extremism

Terrorism

Preparation Strategy to Cover the GS 3 Syllabus

Covering the General Studies 3 syllabus can be tough and stressful as it comprises a wide range of topics. However, an effective strategy and robust study plan beat all the hurdles. Below we have mentioned the best strategic approach to cover the GS 3 syllabus in the most efficient manner.

  • First, the candidates have to be familiar with the GS 3 Syllabus and the UPSC Exam Pattern.
  • Many topics from the IAS GS 3 syllabus overlap with Current Affairs, and that's why candidates must stay updated with recent news and current events.
  • Choose the best books and study materials for your preparation. Start with NCERT Books for UPSC then go for advanced level UPSC Economics Books, UPSC Science & Technology Books, etc for a better understanding of concepts.
  • While covering the UPSC Books for the General Studies-3, try to make your own hand-written notes.
  • Go through the UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to understand question trends. Try to analyze the question papers properly to figure out the important sections.
  • You can draw the diagrams, flowcharts, etc., which would help you during revision.

Study Materials to Cover the GS 3 Syllabus

candidates need to have the best resources and study materials when it comes to UPSC Exam preparation. Below we have mentioned some of the highly recommended sources which can be beneficial for the preparation for the UPSC GS 3 syllabus,

Subject

Study Materials

Biodiversity, Environment

→Current Affairs

→Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) Official Website

→Yojana (January 2020) - Click the link to get the gist of Yojana.

→Textbook of Environmental Studies For Undergraduate Courses' by Erach Bharucha

→Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) Official Website

Economic Development

→Current Affairs

→Select articles from The Hindu'

→Economic Survey of India and India Year Book

→Class 12 NCERT - Introductory Macroeconomics

Technology

→Current Affairs

Security & Disaster Management

→Current Affairs

→Yojana (January 2017) edition- this covers Disaster Management perspectives.

Best Books to Prepare for IAS GS 3 Syllabus

There are a lot of books available in the market to prepare for the GS 3 Mains syllabus. To narrow down the search and make it easier for the aspirants, we have mentioned some of the highly rated reference books below.

  1. NCERT Class X - Understanding Economic Development
  2. NCERT Class XI - Indian Economic Development
  3. NCERT Class XII - Macroeconomics (chapters 2,5, and 6 are very important)
  4. IGNOU Notes on Disaster Management.
  5. IGNOU Notes on Cyber Security.
  6. Challenges to Internal Security of India by Ashok Kumar and Vipul
  7. Indian Economy for Civil Services Examinations - Ramesh Singh
  8. India Year Book
  9. NITI Aayog Reports

Structure of the General Studies 3 for IAS Mains

A common preparation strategy that all the IAS toppers abide by is the understanding of paper structure. Understanding the paper structure of GS 3 will help the aspirants in preparing a strategy to attempt the paper and fetch good marks. Below we have given the paper structure for the GS 3.

  • The General Studies paper is divided into two sections.
  • Both the sections have an equal number of questions.
  • The total number of questions is 20, and each section includes 10 questions.
  • This paper carries a total of 250 marks. The first section will have 10 marks for each question, and for the second section, each question will have 15 marks.
  • The first section has a word limit of 150 words per answer and for the section, the word limit would be 250.

GS 3 Syllabus Trend Analysis

From the trend analysis data, aspirants would under the number of questions asked from each subject of the GS 3 Syllabus. In the table below, we have provided a detailed trend analysis for UPSC Mains GS Paper 3.

Topic

2020

2019

2018

Agriculture/Food industry

50

55

60

Economy

50

50

50

Science/Tech/Environment/Disaster

100

100

100

Security

50

45

40

Total

250

250

250

Download GS Paper 3 Syllabus

It is recommended to keep a PDF of the GS 3 Syllabus to ensure that you don't forget to cover any crucial topic during the preparation of the GS 3 paper. Additionally, it would help to figure out the topics overlap in UPSC Prelims Syllabus and other papers of UPSC Mains Syllabus Candidates can download the PDF of the syllabus directly from the official website of UPSC. However, to make this process simpler, we have provided the link to download the UPSC GS 3 Syllabus below.

>> Download GS Paper 3 Syllabus PDF

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FAQs on UPSC GS 3 Syllabus

  • The GS 3 is one of the 9 papers in the UPSC Mains. The subjects included in the GS 3 Syllabus are Economic Development, Technology, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, and Disaster Management.

  • To prepare for the GS Paper 3 syllabus, candidates must have the right study materials and books. Additionally, they must make short notes for each topic they are covering, which would be beneficial in the revision period.

  • Some of the highly recommended books to cover the GS 3 Mains syllabus are NCERT Class X – Understanding Economic Development, NCERT Class XI – Indian Economic Development, NCERT Class XII – Macroeconomics (chapters 2,5 and 6 are very important), Challenges to Internal Security of India by Ashok Kumar and Vipul, and Indian Economy for Civil Services Examinations – Ramesh Singh.

  • To download the GS 3, Mains syllabus, candidates can visit the official website of UPSC. However, we have provided a direct link to download the syllabus here.

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