Write Evolutionary History of Modern Man

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Evolutionary History of Modern Man refers to the modern humans that emerged in Africa past two hundred thousand years. The most successful story is the evolution of man with language skills and self-consciousness. There is more genetic diversity in Africa than in the rest of the world. The scientific name of modern man is Homo sapiens.

Evolutionary History of Modern Man

Homo erectus, which means “upright man” in Latin, is most likely the most recent common ancestor of modern humans, who most likely descended from Africa within the last 200,000 years. An extinct species of hominin that existed between 1.9 million and 135,000 years ago is known as Homo Erectus.

  • Ancestors of apes and humans were common and modern man evolved from these ancestors.
  • The common ancestor of apes and man is considered to be the Dryopithecus. It evolved into Ramapithecus.
  • Later, a series of ancestors evolved, like Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Homo Habilis, Peking man, Java man, Neanderthal man, Heidelberg man, and Cro-magnon man.
  • Cro-magnon evolved and became the modern man.
  • The cranial capacity was developed with the evolution of man.
  • The development of tool-making skills, hunting habits, and culture was also observed.

The development of Homo sapiens was the result of the evolutionary processes that took place in the history of primates. This process included interbreeding with other hominins and the gradual evolution of traits like human bipedalism and language, which show that human evolution was not linear but rather a web.

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