What were the Social, Economic and Political Conditions in Russia before 1905?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Social, Economic, and Political Conditions in Russia before 1905 mainly depended on agriculture, and people often moved to cities for employment opportunities in factories. Formation of political parties was not allowed. Russia, at the beginning of the 20th century, was different from what it is now, which can be studied through its social, economic, and political conditions.

Social, Economic and Political Conditions in Russia before 1905

The social, economic, and political conditions in Russia before 1905 were underdeveloped as compared to the present time.

Look at the pointers describing the conditions in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century as follows:

  • About 85% of the Russian population was engaged in agriculture.
  • There were some privately owned industries. Workers moved from villages to cities to work in factories.
  • Financially the situation was bad. Wages fell by 20%, and prices of essential goods were very high, which led to the St. Petersburg strike.
  • This strike and a series of other events took the form of the Revolution of 1905.
  • Various associations were formed during this period demanding the establishment of a Constituent Assembly.
  • In Russia, it was illegal to form a political party before 1914.
  • In 1898, the Russian Social Democratic Workers’ Party was founded by socialists who followed Marx’s ideas.
  • In 1903, this party was split, and two groups were formed – the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks.

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