Why is Raja Ram Mohan Roy Called the Father of Modern Indian Renaissance?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Raja Ram Mohan Roy is called the father of the modern Indian Renaissance because of his revolutionary contributions to Indian history during the 18th and 19th centuries. He started the fire of liberal reforms by ending the evils of society, child marriage, and Sati. He studied Persian, Arabic, and Sanskrit, which influenced his views on God. He studied the Upanishads, Vedas, and the Quran and translated many scriptures into English. He worked as a moneylender in Calcutta and the East India Company’s Revenue Department from 1809 to 1814.

Father of Modern Indian Renaissance

Raja Ram Mohan Roy was born on 22 May 1772 in Radhanagar, Bengal, in an orthodox Brahman family. He formed the Atmiya Sabha and Brahmo Samaj and contributed to the modern Indian Renaissance majorly. Atmiya Sabha attempted to initiate social and religious reforms. In 1828, he founded the Brahmo Samaj, a Hindu reformist movement aimed at combating social evils prevalent in society.

Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Contribution

His biggest contributions are as follows:

  • He worked against the practice of Sati.
  • He raised his voice against the purdah system.
  • He abolished the evil practice of child marriage.
  • He stopped polygamy.
  • For women’s empowerment, he worked for female education and widow remarriage.
  • He was opposed to superstitious practices, customs such as Sati, polygamy, child marriage, and the rigidity of the caste system and its excesses, and he advocated for women’s property inheritance rights.
  • He supported inter-caste marriages, female education, and widow remarriage.
  • He founded the Atmiya Sabha in 1814. (Friendly Society).

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