Who is the Father of Modern Legal Education in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Father of Modern Legal Education in India is Neelkanth Ramakrishna Madhava Menon. The primary function of legal education is to prepare lawyers socially and to produce law-abiding citizens with human values and rights. He established the National Law Universities system, served as the National Law School of India University’s first director, founded the National Judicial Academy in Bhopal, and served as the institution’s first Vice Chancellor (NUJS).

Father of Modern Legal Education in India

The system of National Law Universities was founded by Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon.

  • Menon was born in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, on May 4, 1935.
  • He started working as a lawyer in 1955. He took the Civil Services Exam, passed it, and was hired by New Delhi’s Central Secretariat.
  • Menon earned a master’s in political science (MA) in 1960, a law degree (LLM), and continued his studies in white-collar crime to earn a doctorate in 1965.
  • He has also held the position of secretary for both the Law Commission of India and the Bar Council of India Trust.
  • The Supreme Court of India appointed him as the first director of the National Judicial Academy, a training center for judges, where he worked till his retirement.
  • In 2003, Menon was awarded the Padma Shri, and in 2020 Padma Bhushan by the Government of India.
  • Liver cancer caused Menon’s death on 8 May 2019.


Who is the Father of Modern Legal Education in India?

Neelakanta Ramakrishna Madhava Menon is the Father of Modern Legal Education in India. In Thiruvananthapuram, he established the Menon Institute of Legal Advocacy Training, a non-profit institution that offers skill development programs and conducts research to advance the legal profession and change the law.

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