Why did the Kol Revolt take place?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Kol revolt, famous as the Kol Rebellion or Kol Uprising, was a response to economic exploitation raised by the East India Company’s imposed land ownership and administration systems. The Kols Rebellion Against the British is significant because these tribes are isolated from larger cultural influences, have a homogenous culture, and have little access to cutting-edge technology.

Kol Revolt Against the British

The Kol tribe members did not fight in isolation, a defining aspect of the insurrection. They were joined in battle by members of the Hos, Oraon, and Munda tribes. The Kol did not hesitate to engage in combat using antiquated weapons despite the Presidency armies using more modern weapons. The Kol insurrection was put down as a result because it had no chance against such advanced tools.

  • The Kols were a tribe that resided in the Chota Nagpur region, which was a part of Bengal’s presidency, during British rule in India.
  • The Kols, Bhils, Hoes, Mundas, and Oraon tribes are among them.
  • These people have distinctive cultures, customs, and behaviors that are wholly different from the norm.
  • Despite being in a dangerous environment, they learn how to survive.
  • They represent a community that remains cohesive in the face of adversity, like war or peace.
  • The Kol revolt of 1831–1832 resulted from tribal members’ unhappiness and rage at the new legal and political structure.
  • More than 70% of indigenous people end up as lifelong bonded laborers.


Why did the Kol Revolt take place?

The Kol revolt occurred after the East India Company’s mandated land ownership and management methods led to economic exploitation. It is also known as the Kol Insurrection or Kol Rebellion or Kol Uprising.

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