Who has the Power to Dissolve Lok Sabha?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Power to Dissolve Lok Sabha is vested with the President of India. Lok Sabha is also known as the ‘Lower House’ or ‘House of the People’. Apart from this, he has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament. When the Houses are not in session, the President of India dissolves the Lok Sabha and issues ordinances.

Power to Dissolve Lok Sabha

According to Article 85(2)(b), the President has the authority to call a special session of either House of Parliament, prorogue it, or dissolve the Lok Sabha. This action can be taken if the President feels that no viable government can be formed after the fall of a regime. Further, all bills that are still pending in the Lok Sabha expire when Parliament is dissolved. The Rajya Sabha, on the other hand, does not allow bills to expire, and they can be pending for years after that.

The Indian Constitution became operative on January 26, 1950. In 1951–1952, the first general elections under the new Constitution were held. The total strength of the Lok Sabha is 550, out of which 530 members should be the representatives of the states and 20 of the Union Territories.

Powers of Lok Sabha

The powers of Lok Sabha are as follows:

  • It controls the Council of Ministers.
  • It exercises power in money matters. Rajya Sabha cannot reject any money-related law passed by the Lok Sabha.
  • Power to take decisions in Joint Sitting due to larger strength.

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