Who Designed the First Indian National Flag?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The first Indian National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. He was an Indian freedom fighter and the creator of the national flag. After multiple revisions, Pingali Venkayya’s flag was eventually adopted by the Indian National Congress and became the country’s flag in 1947. Pingali Venkayya was also a polyglot, lecturer, novelist, geologist, educationalist, and farmer. In Machilipatnam, an educational institution was founded by the agriculturalist and educator Venkayya.

First Design of Indian National Flag

A few days before India gained independence from the British on August 15, 1947, during the 22 July 1947 meeting of the Constituent Assembly, the National Flag of India, originally created by Pingali Venkayya, was accepted in its current form. The deep saffron (Kesari) at the top, the white in the middle, and the dark green at the bottom make up the horizontal tricolor representing the national flag of India.

The width-to-length ratio of the flag is two to three. A navy blue wheel that stands in for the chakra is in the middle of the white band. Its shape is similar to the wheel that can be seen on the abacus of Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital. It has 24 spokes, and its diameter is about equal to the width of the white band.

Facts about the Design of the Indian National Flag

Following is the important information related to the Indian National Flag:

  • By law, the Indian National Flag should be made of khadi.
  • The usage of the Indian National Flag is regulated by the Flag Code of India.
  • The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission has the right to manufacture the flag.
  • The original code proscribes private citizens’ use of the flag except on national days such as Independence Day and Republic Day.


Who Designed the First Indian National Flag?

Pingali Venkayya created the design of the Indian National Flag that was initially delivered to Mahatma Gandhi, the All-India Congress leader, in 1921. Red and green, the colors of the two major religions, respectively, represented Hindus and Muslims. In 1963, he passed away in relative poverty and was mostly forgotten by society. In 2009, a postage stamp was released to honor him.

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