75 Years of Indian Independence – Celebrations, Themes of Independence Day

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

75 years of Indian Independence celebrated Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav. On the occasion of the celebration of 75 years of Indian Independence, the honorable Prime Minister brought forth a roadmap for establishing and achieving the goals of India 2.0. Indian Independence Day commemorated freedom from the British Raj on August 15, 1947. Some celebrated the Independence of India from the British Raj, while others suffered from the deadly conflagrations of the partition. The 76th Independence Day marked 75 years of Indian independence from British rule and was a historic event for the country. After hoisting the national flag, the Prime Minister gave an illuminating speech that celebrated the achievements of the country and a roadmap for the future. 

The article illustrates the complete information about the 75 years of Indian Independence such as the facts, themes, celebrations, and details. Indian Independence Day is a national festival celebrated by flying kites and hoisting flags at the Red Fort. After completing a quarter of a century, 75 years of Indian Independence was celebrated in 2022.

History of Indian Independence Day

India gained its independence from British rule on August 15th, 1947, after a long and hard-fought struggle for freedom. Before this momentous day, India was under British rule for almost two centuries. The Indian independence movement began in the late 1800s, with the founding of the Indian National Congress in 1885. Over time, the Indian independence movement grew in strength and diversity, with various leaders and organizations advocating for different approaches to achieving independence.

At the centre of the movement was Mahatma Gandhi who united the nation with his non-violent ways of protest. He conducted the Civil Disobedience Movement which became a mass protest and shook the British government. The independence movement gained momentum till the British finally agreed to leave India, which is why we celebrate August 15th as the Indian independence day.

Indian Independence Day and Wish of Lord Mountbatten

Lord Mountbatten, the last viceroy of India before its Independence from British Rule. According to Lord Mountbatten plan August 15 was chosen as Indian Independence Day. After the second world war, it was decided that India will be able to frame its own constitution. The members of the cabinet mission were Sir Stafford Cripps, Patrick Lawrence, and AV Alexander. The provisions proposed by the commission were accepted by both Indian National Congress, and Muslim League.

75 Years Of Indian Independence Day UPSC

  • Although the British parliament declared the Independence of India on July 18 1947, Batten chose August 15 since it coincided with Japan surrendering to the allied forces.
  • Pakistan celebrates its independence on August 14 because Lord Mountbatten insisted on attending the celebrations of both countries.
  • Therefore, both countries celebrate their Independence Day on consecutive days.

75 Years Of Indian Independence

India marked its 75th Indian Independence Day on August 15 2022, completing 75 glorious years of freedom and self-governance. The year 2022 celebrated Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav, instituted by the Ministry of Culture.

To commemorate the 75 years of Indian Independence, the Prime Minister of India took action on several initiatives to reach India 2.0 version in the next 25 glorious years:

  • The country will commemorate the Partition Horrors Remembrance Day on August 14.
  • Since the celebrations for the Azadi Mahotsav began in March 2021, the Prime Minister of India announced these initiatives beforehand.
  • Several initiatives such as the Gati Shakti Master Plan, National Hydrogen Mission, and 75 Vande Bharat trains connecting 40 cities throughout India will start this year.
  • The rice fortification plan will add micronutrients to regular food, distributed by Public Distributions Schemes (PDS) and the midday meals provided at government schools to supply nutrients to the children.
  • Now, girls can take admissions to Sainik Schools.
  • E-commerce platforms support and promote Women’s Self-Help Groups.

76th Independence Day

On the completion of 75 years of Independence, Azaadi ka Amrit Mahotsav was celebrated which was initiated in Sabarmati Ashram. The concept of Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav was embarked to pay tribute and honor to the honorary leaders who lead the freedom struggle and sacrificed their lives. It traces its meanings to the origin of new inspiration, new ideas, new energy, new resolutions, and new energy. It also traces its path to imbibe the galvanizing thoughts of the leaders.

The honorable Prime Minister presented a roadmap to trace the path to the Atma Nirbhar Bharata and India 2.0. Indians behold enormous potential and capabilities that need to be channelized appropriately to bring forth effective and efficient results.

Independence Day Indian Flag Image

Indian flag for Independence Day depicts 3 colors – orange at the topmost, white in the middle, and green at the bottom. Independence Day Indian Flag shows a Chakra (wheel shape) in the center, which is blue.

  • The top band of Saffron indicates the country’s strength and courage.
  • The middle band indicates peace and truth with Dharma Chakra.
  • The last band displays the land’s fertility, development, and auspiciousness.
  • The Ashoka Chakra is a circle that represents the ocean, sky, and the universal truth. Therefore, it is in the center of the white stripe of the national flag.

More Facts About India Independence Day

Given below are some important facts about Indian Independence Day which is celebrated every year on the 15th of August. Numerous facts pertaining to Independence Day have been listed here.

The Indian National Anthem

Rabindranath Tagore penned a song in 1911, Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata, later renamed Jan Gan Man. The Constituent Assembly of India embraced the Indian National Anthem on the 24th of January 1950.

Introducing the Radcliffe Line

Although the British government announced the partition of India at midnight on the 14th of August 1947, it took two more days to officially announce the existence of the Radcliffe line drawn by Sir Cyril Radcliff to the people of India.

This delay in the official announcement created turmoil amongst the people of both Pakistan and India.

Sharing Independence Day with India

South Korea, The Republic of Congo, Bahrain, and Liechtenstein share the same day for celebrating their Independence with the Indian Independence Day every year on the 15th of August.

Significance of India Independence Day

India earned its Independence on the 15th of August. The Indian Independence Day date commemorates the journey from being a British colony to a sovereign nation, giving India its right to home rule.

After a long rebellious struggle, beginning with the Revolt of 1857 and the efforts of many freedom fighters like Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, Lala Lajpat Rai, and many more later, India finally became capable of controlling the reins of the country’s governance. The 75 years of Indian Independence marks the struggle, glories, and saga of numerous leaders who have marked their success in the path of attaining Independence.

Celebrations of Indian Independence Day

India independence day is honored throughout India with numerous ceremonies like raising the flags, other drills, and unanimously singing the National anthem. A lot of cultural programs take place in different state capitals. India after 75 years of Independence has been following the traditions and celebrations in a similar way.

  • The flag-raising ceremony is witnessed at the Red Fort each year and the Prime Minister takes part in it.
  • A parade occurs with the police associates and armed forces.
  • The PM then gives a televised address to the country, narrating the significant accomplishments of India during the last year and summarising future objectives and challenges.
  • One of the Independence Day traditions is kite flying by the majority of the citizen. The sky becomes bright with a variety of kites flying at the same time.
  • To celebrate the day, government headquarters in New Delhi stay lit throughout the festival.
  • Teachers in school manage to conduct Independence day celebrations before the special day by organizing small skits, cultural activities, flag hoisting, and painting competitions.
  • Mentors make sure to provide Indian Independence day craft ideas for preschool students to create a sense of patriotism and let them construct unique objects for the special day.

Indian Independence Day Dress-Up Ideas

Independence Day is one of the most powerful patriotic days among all national festivals. If we thought of time back to sixty-nine years ago, we could witness all the sacrifices Indian freedom fighters went through to make India free.

  • Ladies can wear a traditional silk saree with a national flag color scheme or make their personalized traditional attire with tri-color accessories.
  • Men can try a white shirt with a pair of jeans, green color shoes, and a saffron color waistcoat to portray their devotion to the nation’s festival.
  • Children can also wear traditional outfits of orange, white, green, and blue or a combination.
  • These are a few Indian Independence Day Dress-Up Ideas everyone can try to honor India’s Independence.

Latest Indian Independence Day Greetings

It was the day when the country got its absolute Independence from British rule. Check out the Happy Indian Independence Day wishes, quotes, statuses, messages, and greetings that you can share with your friends and family to spread that you are proud to be an Indian.

  • May this Independence Day bring luck and win for everyone. May our country see more advancement in the forthcoming years! Happy Independence Day!
  • On August 15, we celebrate the praise of freedom. We don’t comprehend the value of it until we lose it, so let’s recall that and never let it go. Happiness to the nation. Happy Independence Day!
  • We may never know how it feels like to live in a free country if it was not for the courageousness of our freedom fighters. Today they deserve a big salute from us. Happy Independence Day!
  • “Freedom is never dear at any cost. It is the breath of life. What would a man not pay for living?” – Mahatma Gandhi.
  • “May the sun in his course visit no land more free, happier, more lovely, than this our country!” – Sardar Bhagat Singh.
  • “One individual may die for ideas, but that idea will, after his death, incarnate itself in a thousand lives.” -Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
  • “Let new India arise out of peasants’ cottage, grasping the plough, out of huts, cobbler and sweeper.” – Swami Vivekananda.

Independence Day 2021

On August 15, 2021, India celebrated its 75th Independence Day with full enthusiasm. The national flag was hoisted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the Red Fort and addressed to the nation from the wall of the iconic building.

  • The theme of Indian Independence Day 2021 was – ‘Nation First, Always First’.
  • British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was the Chief Guest at the 2021 Republic Day.
UPSC Notes
Indian National Movement Facts About Indian Flag
Right to Freedom Women Freedom Fighters of India
Nicknames of Freedom Fighters Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Freedom Struggle
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