Facts about Indian Flag: National Flag of India Information, UPSC Notes

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

The facts about Indian Flag must be studied carefully by all UPSC aspirants as questions can be asked about the National Flag of India in Prelims, Mains, and the Interview round. The national flag of India, popularly known as the Tricolour Indian flag or Tiranga, depicts saffron, green, and white colors along with the navy blue 24-spoke Ashoka Chakra wheel at the center. The use and display of the Indian flag are as per the flag code of India. Pingali Venkayya designed the National Flag of India. Below mentioned are some interesting facts about Indian flag which every citizen should know:

  • The Ashoka Chakra should have 24 uniformly spaced spokes of Navy-blue color representing Dharma.
  • The length-to-breadth ratio should be 3:2, and the three strips should be congruent with each other.
  • Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission have the right to manufacture the National Flag of India.

Learn 10 facts about Indian Flag in this article which must be known to every candidate preparing for the UPSC and other competitive exams.

Table of content

  • 1. Facts about Indian Flag (more)
  • 2. About National Flag of India (more)
  • 3. National Flag Information: History (more)
  • 4. Flag Code of India (more)
  • 5. Interesting Facts about Indian Flag (more)
  • 6. 10 Facts about Indian Flag (more)

Facts about Indian Flag

A total of nine standard sizes of the national flag of India are specified by law, made in 1968, and revised in 2008. The original regulation restricted flag usage by Indian citizens except on national occasions such as Republic Day and Independence day. Listed are the most interesting 10 facts about Indian flag that candidates preparing for competitive exams should know.

Interesting Facts About Indian Flag


National Flag of India Name

Tiranga, which translates to ‘three colors’ or ‘tricolored’.

National Flag Day

Indian national flag day is celebrated on 07 December each year.


The Flag of India contains 4 colors – Deep Saffron, also called Kesari, White, Green and Navy blue.

National Flag Designed By

Pingali Venkayya is the designer of the Indian Flag.

Length-Width Ratio

Length vs. width is 3:2

Adopted On

22 July 1947, in the meeting of the constituent assembly

World Largest Khadi National Flag

At Jaisalmer Military station of size 225 ft by 150 ft

How Many Spokes in the National Flag of India

24 equal-spaced spoked in the Ashoka Chakra

Rules Regarding the Display of the Indian Flag

Flag Code of India


Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha

About National Flag of India

The National Flag is a tri-color panel including three rectangular sub-panels of equal widths. The top panel is of saffron color, which is also referred to as Kesari, and the bottom panel is dark green, which is also known as Indian green. The middle panel is white in color and includes the Ashoka Chakra in navy blue color. The Ashok Chakra contains 24 equally spaced spokes.

10 Facts about Indian Flag [PDF]

Other important information about the National Flag of India is as follows:

  • The Indian Flag is made of hand-spun and hand-woven wool, cotton, silk or khadi bunting.
  • The Flag of India is rectangular in shape, and the length-to-width ratio is 3:2.

National Flag Information: History

On July 22, 1947, during the Constituent Assembly meeting, the national flag of India was accepted, and it became the official Indian flag.

  • The national flag information is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya.
  • Sister Nivedita, who was the Irish disciple of Swami Vivekananda, is believed to have designed an Indian flag in 1904. That flag was yellow and red in color with the vajra/thunderbolt symbol and a white lotus in the center.
  • In 1906, another flag was designed with Vande Mataram written on it and consisted of blue, yellow and red colors. It also had a sun and star symbol on it.
  • In 1906, one more flag was designed in orange, yellow and green colors, also known as the Lotus flag or Calcutta flag.

☛ Learn More:

Flag Code of India

The Flag Code of India came into existence on January 26, 2002, and is neither a law nor a legitimate rule or principle. The National flag of India is used as per the flag code.

  • The Flag code of India contains details about the shape, cloth and ratio of the flag.
  • It also mentions the standard sizes of the National Flag of India, such as 6300×4200 mm, 3600x2400mm, etc. Different size is mentioned.
  • The code mentions hoisting and displaying the use of the National flag of India.
  • Information about the misuse and handling of the national flag is also included.

Interesting Facts about Indian Flag

It is well-known that the first national flag of India was uplifted in Calcutta on 07 August 1906 at the Parsee Bagan Square (Green Park).

  • In Paris, Madame Bhikaji Cama uplifted the national flag of India for the second time in 1907.
  • In 1917, Lokmanya Tilak and Dr. Annie Besant hoisted the flag for the third time during the Home rule movement.
  • In 1921, Pingali Venkayya created a flag of green and red colors during the Bezwada session of the All India Congress Committee, representing the two central societies- Muslims and Hindus.
  • Gandhi advised including white stripes to exemplify the remaining Indian societies and the rotating wheel to demonstrate the country’s development.
  • A resolution approved the tricolor flag as the National Flag of India in 1931.
  • Another fact about Indian flag is that it contains three lines – saffron, green, and white, with the spinning wheel of Gandhi in the center.
  • The Constituent Assembly adopted the Indian flag with three strips and Ashoka Chakra in the center on July 22, 1947.
  • Thus, the Congress Party tricolor flag eventually evolved as the flag of India after gaining Independence.

Also, check the Difference Between National Anthem and National Song here.

10 Facts about Indian Flag

The list of 10 interesting facts about Indian Flag contains the following points:

  1. Pingali Venkayya created the National Flag of India. He was a freedom fighter of India belonging to the state of Andhra Pradesh.
  2. The authority to manufacture the Indian national flag is under the control of The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission.
  3. On July 22, 1947, before India achieved independence from British rule, the Indian flag was approved.
  4. Indian national flag must be created by ‘Khadi,’ which is hand-spun silk/wool/cotton/ Khadi cloth as per the law. For the national flag of India manufacturing and supply, the only authorized unit in India is Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha.
  5. The National flag of India is also commonly known as Tiranga in Hindi. It comprises three primary colors, given below.
  • Saffron signifies Sacrifice and Courage
  • White refers to Truth, Purity, and Peace
  • Green shows Prosperity
  • Cosmonaut Wing Commander Rakesh Sharma flew into space wearing a spacesuit containing a symbol of the Indian flag in April 1984 during the Indo-Soviet common space flight.
  • The Ashoka Chakra signified a portrayal of Dharma. The flag code did not define the actual size of the Ashoka Chakra. It is a wheel of Navy-blue color on the white strip of the national flag having equally spaced 24 spokes.
  • The three stripes of the National flag of India are identical in length and width, with a ratio of 2:3.
  • Sherpa Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary climbed Mount Everest on May 29, 1953. On Mount Everest, they hoisted the Indian flag along with the Nepalese National Flag, Northern Ireland, and the National Flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
  • The largest national flag of India measured a distance of 110 meters and 24 meters in width and got lifted on the border of Indo-Pak Attari.
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